(United Nations report on environment 2013) Imagine in today’s world, 200 billion plastic water bottles are produced, used and thrown in dumpsters every year. Imagine the impact on the environment and how does one account for the massive damage these plastic bottles cause to the environment? Imagine everywhere you go you see plastic bottles, Parks, Rivers, Lakes and even the vast Oceans. According to a 2010 Clean Up Australia Rubbish Report, one in every ten items found on Clean Up Australia Day were related to plastic drinking bottles. Land use has generally been considered a local environmental issue, but it is becoming a force of global importance. Worldwide changes to forests, farmlands, waterways, and air are being driven by the need to provide food, fibre, water, and shelter to more than six billion people. Global croplands, pastures, plantations, and urban areas have expanded in recent decades, accompanied by large increases in energy, water, fertilizer consumption, along with considerable losses of biodiversity. Such changes in land use have enabled humans to appropriate an increasing share of the planet’s resources, but they also potentially undermine the capacity of the ecosystems to sustain food production, maintain freshwater and forest resources, regulate climate and air quality, and ameliorate infectious diseases. We face the challenge of managing trade-offs between immediate human needs and maintaining the capacity of the biosphere to provide goods and services in the long term.